Biosphere Reserve Terras do Miño

Action Plan

This Action Plan starts from the experience gained in the Biosphere Reserve for over a decade, taking into account both the successes and complications arisen during the process, which led to a model of sustainable development in the territory. From these strategies, this Plan will have to define a new model of development that harmonizes the different sectors of the socioeconomic activities with the development of local towns and the conservation of natural heritage and biodiversity, integrated with other sectoral policies. In this scenario, it is essential to involve the local population as the star of the different initiatives. The structure and contents of this Action Plan are carried out in accordance with the criteria established in the framework of documents valid today, as well as institutional agreements and meetings:

  • The Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro (1992), and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
  • Charter of Sustainable Tourism (Lanzarote, 1995).
  • Strategy of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (Seville, 1995), and the Statutory Framework of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves derived from the previous one.
  • European Landscape Convention (Florence, 2000).
  • The Earth Summit in Johannesburg (2002).
  • Ecosystem Assessment of the Millennium (2005).
  • Strategy of the Spanish Network Biosphere Reserves Spanish (Lanzarote, 2006).
  • Madrid Action Plan 2008-2013 for the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
  • Montseny Action Plan 2009-2013 for the Spanish Network of Biosphere Reserves.
  • Sectoral regulations in force, as well as the tools that implement them.

The role of development in Biosphere Reserves tries to reconcile the needs for improvement of local people with the safeguard of natural resources for generations to come. It is particularly important to take advantage of the efforts that have been or are carried out in the Reserve area, considering the need to improve the living conditions of the inhabitants, promoting its economic and social development, under a sustainability approach. In this context, it is necessary to promote a strategy aimed at promoting economic, social and cultural development of the inhabitants of the territory, which respects the typical elements and promote sustainable development. In short, this Action Plan is a management plan for the planning of this space, the purpose of which is to establish the general lines of action, programmes, projects and strategies for priority action for the fulfilment of the objectives of the Reserve.

Within the framework of the Worldwide and Spanish Strategies of Biosphere Reserves and the consecutive action plans to facilitate the achievement of their objectives and those of the set of World Network of Biosphere Reserves and the Spanish Network of Biosphere Reserves, the Action Plan has, in turn, its own goals to meet within the territory of the Reserve. Consequently, a total of 9 goals are established in this Plan of Action, to be achieved through the execution and implementation of the actions formulated below in this document, and that are consistent with the Action Plan 2008-2013 of Madrid and the Action Plan 2009-2013 of Montseny.

1. Conservation of natural heritage and biodiversity.

2. Dissemination of the values of the Reserve in the society.

3. Promotion of sustainable rural development.

4. Promoting sustainable uses of natural resources.

5. Promotion of local employment and economic policies of quality.

6. Improvement of knowledge about the natural heritage of the Reserve.

7. Promotion of the exchange and establishment of cooperation commitments.

8. Preservation and enhancement of the cultural heritage of the Reserve.

9. Fulfilment of the objectives of the Action Plans of Madrid and Montseny.

The Action Plan for the Biosphere Reserve Terras do Miño was presented to the Governing and Participation Bodies on 31st July, 2013, initially being approved.

Said document was the basis for the process of public participation which was also approved on the same day in both organs of Management, which consists of:

1. Public presentation:

The public exposure began the day after the publication of the notice (BOP No. 182 on Friday, 9th August 9, 2013) and ended on 30th September, 2013, not appearing any allegations about it.

2. Technical consultation:

After the previous term, in order to promote the direct exchange of views, the contribution of ideas and sharing and consensus regarding the general terms of the Plan of Action, two sectoral tables were summoned on 12th December, 2013, focused on the environmental conservation and socioeconomic development of the Reserve, which the members of the Participation Agency, as well as other representative territorial entities, were able to attend, prior invitation.

3. Study and answer of the allegations and suggestions presented:

The allegations and comments made to the document of initial approval, were studied and informed within 15 days of the deadline for public presentation.

4. Report of Participation Agency:

Once drafted the Action Plan, which incorporated the results of the public presentation and sectoral tables made, the Action Plan was presented to the Participation Agency on 19th December, 2013, which according to Article 27.3 of the Regulations, issued a non-binding report in this regard.

5. Approval by the Governing Body:

In accordance with Article 27.3 of the Regulations, the Action Plan was approved by the Governing Body.