Routes Terras do Miño


PASEO DE FONMIÑÁ (Walk of Pastoriza)

Kilometres0,9 Km
RouteThis route, which can be considered as a walk in the short, easy and completely flat path, has the peculiarity to develop around what is commonly known as the source of the Miño. The walk, in the vicinity of the small crystal clear lake, is a must for all Galician people, being a singular milestone in our geography. It must be said, however, not to miss the reality of the ongoing discussion on this topic, that a place competing for the glory of being the source of the father Miño can be found nearby, the Pedregal de Irimia, which we will also visit on another route from those presented in this section.

PASEO DO RATO (Walk of the Mouse)

Kilometres6 km round-trip
RouteThe Paseo do Rato, rather than a hiking trail as its name suggests, is a peri-urban walk in the immediate surroundings of the city of Lugo. However, it is included here because only a few walks of these features have a flora and fauna diversity as this. The avifauna, bound to the best preserved water courses, as the white-throated dipper, which nests in this environment. But the walk has also numerous ethnographic elements among which the old mill, restored today, which is the home of the Interpretation Centre of the Biosphere Reserve Terras do Miño. The tour ends in the confluence of the River Rato with the River Miño, point where each year a greater number of anatidae is recorded and where the avifauna rarity which meant the presence throughout the winter of three whooper swans from northern Europe was listed a few years ago.

RUTA AS RIBEIRAS ALTAS, MIÑO ARRIBA (Route high banks, upstream Miño)

Kilometres11,3 Km
RouteMost of the route runs through an area of high banks. But the river, dammed by the "caneiros" runs slow and deep with a very large volume of water at all times. This tour is very suitable for sports practices; canoeists train around here. In Lugo, the fondness for these sports is very old, and hence large Olympic-level athletes started training in these waters.

RUTA CASTROVERDE (Route Castroverde)

CharacteristicsTo make this route is best to start in the site of Recesende; to get here, we take the road of Fonsagrada and, before reaching Castroverde we take a detour to the left which leads us the Recesende, where we find the remains of eight medieval sarcophagi on an ancient fortified village, next to the sarcophagi we find the church of Recesende and the Palace, continuing the road to the recreation area of Recesende. Returning on the local road and again onto the Fonsagrada Highway, we reach Castroverde where we can make a stop at the recreation area of A Veiga do Olmo that should be the beginning and end of the route. We would continue visiting the shed of the fairground, the church of Castroverde, the Casa do Concello (Council House) and Castillo de Castroverde (Castle of Castroverde), built on a “castro” that may be the one that gives the name to the village. The keep is preserved with part of the battlements and some windows. Continuing along the ring, we can see Riazor's centenary chestnut tree, which could be the largest in the town council, and down the road we also find the granary and the mill of Panecillo (bagel). In Bolaño, we find the church of Bolaño and a temple built in the nineteenth century which is somewhat isolated from the parish. The façade is squared stonework with straight lintel doors. A sundial can be appreciated on the façade. From this point we can visit the town of San Martiño (Saint Martin), consisting of four houses completely abandoned. Following the interior of the parish an oven can be found, and continuing along the road and at the foot of the Croa or Castro de Bolaño, we see the Cueva de la Valiña (Cave of Valiña), where prehistoric remains were found. We will take a dirt road where we will find two abandoned mills. Following this track will reach the primitive road that will take us to the point where the route began.

RUTA CORNO DA ÓRREA (Route Horn of the Órrea)

Kilometres19.45 km round-trip
RouteThe route begins in the Aula de la Naturaleza (Nature Classroom) of Meira, marked by a panel with detailed travel information. Near the beginning, we find the Pedregal of Irimia, one of the witnesses of glaciation in Galicia. This route besides being a hiking route, it shows the walker the different silvicultural work carried out in the mountains of Candedo, Louseiras and Corno da Orrea. Another feature of the route are the fountains such as the one of Cabanas, the one of the Francés and the one of Riego de la Gadella. The entire route offers some interesting views of the region.

RUTA DA AUGA (Route of the Water)

Kilometres39,3 Km round-trip
RouteThis route, approved by the Galician Mountaineering Association as the RP-G99, has a route without drops that, next to the rivers Parga and Ladroil, runs along the green path that extends from the bridge to the Santo Alberto (Saint Albert) to the Carballeira of Pardiñas (The Oak Forest of Pardiñas). The places, history and buildings, make it a highly recommended way: the bridges of Santo Alberto on the Way of St. James, the North Way, the bridges of Pitero, Parga, Ferreira, Montemeá or Moeiro; many mills, such as the restored ones of Parga and Ferreira, leisure areas such as Siete Molinos (Seven Mills), the old Roman mansion Caranicum, the Castillo y la Feria de Parga (Castle and Fair of Parga), the churches, chapels and the curious Guitiriz mosque. But above all, this trail connects the three most important sources of healing waters: Valdobín, and its peaceful recreation area; San Xoán de Lagostelle, in the stunning health resort of Guitiriz; and the quiet Fuente de Santo Domingo (Fountain of Saint Dominic), by the Carballeira of Pardiñas.

RUTA DA ESCRITA (Route of the Written)

Kilometres12,4 Km round-trip
RouteThis route, approved by the Galician Mountaineering Association as the RP-G99, has a route without drops that, next to the rivers Parga and Ladroil, runs along the green path that extends from the bridge to the Santo Alberto to the Carballeira of Pardiñas (The Oak Forest of Pardiñas). The places, history and buildings, make it a highly recommended way: the bridges of Santo Alberto on the Way of St. James, the North Way, the bridges of Pitero, Parga, Ferreira, Montemeá or Moeiro; many mills, such as the restored ones of Parga and Ferreira, leisure areas such as Siete Molinos (Seven Mills), the old Roman mansion Caranicum, the Castillo y la Feria de Parga (Castle and Fair of Parga), the churches, chapels and the curious Guitiriz mosque. But above all, this trail connects the three most important sources of healing waters: Valdobín, and its peaceful recreation area; San Xoán de Lagostelle, in the stunning health resort of Guitiriz; and the quiet Fuente de Santo Domingo (Fountain of Saint Dominic), by the Carballeira of Pardiñas.

RUTA DA LAGOA DE COSPEITO (Route of the Lake of Cospeito)

Kilometres3,4 Km
RouteThis route begins near the Interpretation Centre of the Laguna de Cospeito. In this centre we have several panels explaining the environmental values of the lake and its recent history. Dried in the 60s of the twentieth century to partially recover in the 90s alongside the change of social awareness about the environment. The route skirts the lake and its area of influence, allowing us to discover different habitats within it. The migratory birds that can be seen from the various ornithological observatories equipped on this route are of special interest. Plus, outside the winter season, the lake loses its appeal both ornithic and botanical, and, above, it is easy to observe charismatic mammal species as the barn swallow which nimbly swims in its waters.

RUTA DAS CHOUSAS (Route of the Fences)

Kilometres2,7 Km
RouteThe route is an excellent example of the interrelation between the human population and its surroundings throughout history. In this aspect, we can see windmills, traditional ovens, farmland and pasture, multitude of oak forests, and even an old granite quarry, currently recovering thanks to the natural vegetation and which is a seasonal pond.

RUTA DAS INSUAS DO MIÑO (Route of the Islands of the Miño)

Kilometres 5,12 Km
RouteThis route starts next to the old bridge of the N-VI over the River Miño, near the village of Rábade. It travels through the unique landscape created by the river in this area, which occupies lands from the municipalities of Rábade and Outeiro de Rei. The River Miño created here the so called as Islands of the Miño: Isla de Abajo (Lower Island), Isla de San Roque (Island of San Roque) and Isla deTrabanca (Isle of Trabanca). But along with the spectacular natural landscape is the presence of not less impressive ethnographic elements linked to the farming of this fertile land and the strength of its waters. Dams and bridges follow one another on a tour where the River Miño retains its finery, to the point that its whole upper basin was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO on 7th of November, 2002.

RUTA DE FURIS-PARAMO (Route of Furís-Páramo)

CharacteristicsStarting the route we may see the inn, “crucero” (big cross made of stone, on a long column, set on a platform, found in crossroads and parish limits, among others) and church which dates from the XVI- XVII. From the church the path goes up, toward the “castro” (ancient fortress) of Pereira. Continuing from the “castro” down the way of Peral, we can visit the Chapel and “Crucero” of Santa Bárbaro-Peral (Saint Barbaro-Peral), small rectangular chapel with a three-sided roof and a small cross. From Pereira we take the road of Fogontelle and a few metres later, we take the path that leads to the hill and takes us near the Abelleira where we have to visit the Chapel of San Adrián (Saint Adrian), Fountain and oak of the Abelleira, at the foot of the Roman road XIX. The chapel is a small gabled building that has a bell on the façade. The fountain is next to a centenary oak. From A Abelleira we climbed up to the Azureira, and from here, after a sharp turn, we pass close to Pena Grande. On a par with Pena Grande, looking southwest, we have beautiful views towards the lands of Lugo, the Páramo and Sarria; to the north-northeast, the peaks of the Ancares and Fonsagrada can be seen. A forest road leads to Augalevada, name which apparently comes from a dispute between the parish of Furís and that of Guimarei for the council of Baralla, hence its name “stolen water”. From the Arrubial to the site of Eirexe, where the church is located on a “castro”. The church has a rectangular gabled nave. It has two altarpieces and mural remains. From Eirexe we go down into the site of Molar, where the centennial chestnut tree of Gabriel is located. Continuing the path Porcín, we go up to Páramo de ArribA and from the parish of Páramo, we go down to Furis de Abaixo. From Furís de Abaixo, we go past several houses, towards the Castro de Furís (“Castro” of Furís) and the mills of the Castillo (Castle). At the beginning of Furís is the mountain of the Casita, where historical remains were located. Continuing the path we cross again the Via XIX and reach the last section of the route, back in Furís de Arriba.

RUTA DE LAS FERIAS (Route of the Fairs)

CharacteristicsThe route is within the natural area Parga-Ladra-Támoga (SCI Parga-Ladra-Támoga). The natural area is located in the Upper Miño, where the watercourses are mixed with various types of wetlands, forests and traditional agricultural landscapes, creating an area of high environmental and cultural value. Among the flora found here, we have from riparian vegetation, mainly composed of alder and willow, oak, birch, holly, ash trees, and even scrub with outstanding ericaceous standing out; to aquatic vegetation such as reed, cane and bell-gable, very common in the natural area by the abundance of water. It also has a high ecological value such as the wild daffodil or “flor de San Xosé” (Narcissus pseudonarcissus ssp. Nobilis), or Luronium natans. Among the large number of species present on the site, we will name the musk mouse, the otter, the mallard, the azure-winged magpie, the great crested grebe, the Ruff, the little bustard, the eel, the Iberian nase, the Iberian emerald lizard, the stag beetle, the stoat, etc.

RUTA DE MONTECUBEIRO (Route of Montecubeiro)

CharacteristicsWe begin the tour in San Cibrao de Barreiro, from where we can see the parish church along with a conventual house and a rectory, apart from a “crucero” (big cross made of stone, on a long column, set on a platform, found un crossroads and parish limits, among others) and a monolith of historical memory. If we continue, we find the chapel of St. Petronia and in front, the “crucero”, from where we will continue the path that leads to the town of Sta. Mª Magdalena de Pena, where we will find a rock formation, a “crucero”, a fountain and the parish church. Passing the town of Pena, we encounter two options, to take the primary route or the alternative route, both leading to the population of Carballedo where one of the largest palaces in the town of Castroverde is. From Carballedo we also have two options, main or alternative route, both routes will take us to the lakes near the site of Monciro, except that the alternative is to go through the town of San Pedro de Seres and the main route through a forest trail. Here we encounter two lakes, nowadays dey, called large lake and small lake. Continuing on this path, we will get to the site of Córneas, where we can see the mill of Córneas, a centennial oak tree in the house of the Herrero and the Chapel of Córneas. Following the main route, we arrive in the town of Vilaxurxo along a road with beautiful views, next to a brook, where we find two mills. After the town of Vilaxurxo, we arrive at Santo André de Barredo where we can see a small recreation area, a “crucero” and the church of Barredo. Continuing along a dirt track, we get to the site of Pena Blanca where we can enjoy beautiful views of the land and municipalities of Castroverde and the councils of Páramo, Láncara, Rambla, Baraja, Valeira, Pol and Lugo. In Pena Blanca, there are also formations of large rocks. Following the trail, it leads down to the village of Naraos to reach the end of this route in the town of Sto. André de Barredo.

RUTA DE PENIDO (Route of Penido)

CharacteristicsIt is a route of medium-high difficulty, of about 9 km in length, beginning at Herrera del Valadouro, at the intersection of Calle Rosalia de Castro (Rosalía de Castro Street) and Avenida de la Vega (Vega's Avenue), and ends in the well-known “Prado de las Chantas” (The Meadow of the Fences). When going through the parish of Santa Cruz, we find the Palacio of Gradaílle, only palace that remains in the Meadow. It is Baroque style (XVII – XVIII centuries), and it is surrounded by a strong wall. Currently, it is private property and not open to visitors. A kilometre later as is the crossroads. Up ahead, there is a Via Crucis with stone crosses that end in a small stone altarpiece and, at the end of it, we encounter the church of Santo Tomé de Recaré, from the late nineteenth century. The third crossing is close, to the left, and two kilometres later, the penultimate junction, leading to the Aprisco de Santo Tomé (Sheepfold of Saint Thomas). This area, in addition to a recreation area with a picnic section, is a perfect viewpoint from which to behold the entire valley. About 25 metres to the right of the Sheepfold is the Dolmen del Aprisco (Dolmen of the Sheepfold) or Arca del Padorno (Ark of the Padorno), which is the best preserved megalithic tomb in the council. A mile ahead, the Padro de las Chantas can be found, which is 657 m high in a small section of ground of the slopes of the Penidos. The alignment of stones that go around it is not a perfect circle and its structure consists of two elements: vertical clubs and low rough stone wall. In the Western part, the construction presents remains of a quadrangular stone structure. This possible lytic cycle from the megalithic era is considered by several authors as a cromlech and, if such chronology is confirmed, it would be unique in Galicia, both for its magnitude and good condition, and because there are no other catalogued constructions such as this. Finally, this route offers entrepreneurs the option of climbing the mountains of Penido Novo and Penido Vello, at 800 and 771 metres of altitude, respectively, from which there are spectacular views of the entire Meadow, and, on a clear day, a great part of the Cantabrian flat areas until Ribadeo.

RUTA DE RIOCALDO E OS OLLOS DE BEGONTE (Route of Riocaldo and The Eyes of Begonte)

Kilometres2,9 Km
RouteThis hike is a walk around the laguna de Riocaldo (the lake of Riocaldo). This is an artificial lake caused by the extraction of aggregates for construction, and that after its abandonment, it was restored by vegetation and is today a very important wetland for wildlife, especially aequornithes. In fact, it is included in the SCI Parga-Ladra-Támoga, part of the Natura 2000 Network. In the lake, there is a large cormorants roost whose count reaches up to 120 individuals. The route runs along the entire perimeter of the lake, and nearby we can find the peculiar “ojos de Begonte”, which in spring offer a show that makes us think of other lands with its water lily cover.

RUTA DE SOUTOMERILLE (Route of Soutomerille)

CharacteristicsThe route of Soutomerille is circular and with low difficulty, starting and finishing in the roundabout of Paderne (intersection of regional roads LU-530 Lugo-A Fonsagrada and LU-106 Romeán-Bascuas. It has a length of 5,800 metres and a drop of approximately 90 metres (564 metres in the Croa de Soutomerille –Croa of Soutomerill—, 474 m in the Areeira de la Pallota –Sandy Area of the Pallota). The route runs mostly on unpaved rural roads, with a small stretch of about 800 m down the road of Gondar and about 300 m down the road of La Ferreira-Léela. The layout runs along some places of enormous environmental and historical and cultural importance. As for the natural environment, it is worth mentioning the indigenous forest, with unique trees (oaks and centennial chestnut trees) and with timely alternating meadows. All along the route there are several heritage assets of great historical and cultural value, particularly several archaeological sites, The Castro de la Pallota (the ancient forest of the Pallota), The Castro Péon, and The Croa of Soutomerille, a seventeenth century church with Romanesque remains, old big houses a very unique cemetery done in stonework. So even the route matches the Camino Primitivo in the site of Soutomerille.

RUTA DO AZUMARA (Route of the Azumara)

Kilometres16 Km round-trip
RouteThis route goes through forest areas such as Cordal to then continue the bank of the River Azúmara, next to old mills, one of the examples of traditional architecture that we can find, in an environment where you can still admire the Galician native vegetation. The road passes between the former premises of the arsenic mine, now abandoned. Finally, we arrive at the Castro de Viladonga (ancient fortress of Viladonga), one of the most important in Galicia, with several walls and holes, which house two “antecastros” or terracing areas and an extensive acropolis.

RUTA FRAGA DE ROMEOR (Route Fraga -isolated deciduous forest- of Romeor)

CharacteristicsThis route takes as its starting point the recreation area of the village of Rioxoán. In its early stages, we observe farmland. Then, we go into woodland managed by the administration, where we will mostly see pine trees, dense in areas of valley floor and pine reforested areas. At the end of this section we can rest at the foot of the River Batán. The next section goes through the woods of Orán, where we see pine, eucalyptus, etc. In the final part of the section we can stop at the viewpoint of Alto de la Panda and enjoy the breathtaking views of the councils of Baleira and Ribera de Piquín (Bank of Piquín). The route continues along a firewall to the High Peak of Valiña, travelling through the mountains of Susá, to our right, and the Sierra de Paradela (Range of Paradela), to our left. Continuing the route, we arrive at two new viewpoints on mount Milleirós and Panda, at the first we can appreciate the splendour of the Breñal de Murúa and at the second the density of the Fraga de la Morronda (Isolated deciduous forest of the Morronda, included in the Natura 2000 Network), with a mixture of oak, beech and chestnut. We will return to the starting point between adult and reforestation pine trees through the mountains of Susá and Valonga up to the LU-750 road and pedestrian area that will lead us to the recreation area where the route began.

RUTA MIÑO ABERTO, RÍO ABAIXO (Route Open Miño, Downstream)

Kilometres3,2 Km round-trip
RouteThis route is a delightful walk, right next to the city, and is one of the unique privileges of Lugo, as the city has some splendid river surroundings.

RUTA MIÑO-EO (Route Miño-Eo)

CharacteristicsThe path of the Miño-Eo has its starting point in the Canchal of Irimia. It begins climbing up the Canchal to the top of the Sierra “El Parapeto” (Range of the Parapet). From here, the views are very good since it is the highest point and we can see the big difference between the two slopes of the range. The path continues on the high side of the mountain next to the wind farm and having on our left the Pena Gaiada, a very singular and representative rock of the village. If we follow this path, we observe the flora and fauna of this environment, finding wild animals easily. Here begins our descent down the side of the range going through the village of Desnudo and following in the direction of the River Eo, the natural border between the towns of Meira and Ribera de Piquín. Pursuing this direction, we reach the longed-for Mexadoira; waterfall about 15 metres high, located in the so-called Riego de Murias. We leave Mexadoira behind and continue along the road of Treita where we find the salmon River Eo. In order to do that, we must cross another village, A Corota in this case, and two kilometres from it, we arrive in Treita, located right next to the River Eo. We arrive, therefore, at the longed-for River Eo. River of trout and salmon abundance. We leave the Treit and walk parallel to the River Eo. Shortly after, arrive in the village of O Piñeiro. Halfway through this ascent, in the Quintos, we can behold a wonderful landscape of the Town Council of Ribera de Piquín, with a wide variety in terms of flora: oak, chestnut, birch, walnut, cherry, pine, willow, hazel, holly, and many others that allow us to enjoy the different hues of the prevailing green. A kilometre away from Os Quintos, we already have O Estreito, where the end point of this path is found, since there the trail ends there and the paved road that leads through the Alto de la Sierra and O Pedregal back to Meira begins.

RUTA O RÍO DOS MUIÑOS (Route the River of the Mills)

Kilometres4 Km round-trip
RouteWe call this route The River of the Mills, not because the others do not have them, but because until recently, the mills of Mera were very important to the city of Lugo, which helped by supplying flour. Along the way we are going to take, we will find three excellent examples with "caneiros" and "pesqueiras" (both small dams built in river for fishing purposes, in the case of “caneiros”, this activity is performed with nets), although they do not grind anymore, hydraulic systems are well preserved.

RUTA VAL DO RIO TORDEA (Route val de rio tordea)

CharacteristicsThe route of the River Valley of Tórdea has a circular layout and a low difficulty, starting and finishing in Camino Ancho (Broad Road). It has a length of 17,200 metres and an approximate altitude of 125 metres. The route mostly runs on unpaved rural roads, but it also uses some paved sections. The route travels through many places of environmental, historical and cultural interest. Along the route, there are numerous and varied heritage assets: Archaeological sites: ancients fortresses of Espasande, Uriz, A Pumarega, El Vilar and Croa de Santo Xulián de Pereiramá, as well as a group of medieval sarcophagi in Goi; Churches: the oldest Romanesque churches are those of Espasande, Tórdea, Uriz, Cellán de Convento and La Pumarega. Of less seniority are those of Cellán de Calvos and San Xulián de Pereiramá; ethnographic constructions: mills of Goi and between Tórdea and Uriz. Remains of a mallet in Goi, a “cruceiro” (big cross made of stone, on a long column, set on a platform, found in crossroads and parish limits, among others) in San Xulián de Pereiramá as well as several traditional fountains: fountain of la Besa y Pacio in Espasande, fountain of the Torre en Tórdea (Tower in Tórdea) and fountain of Oro en Cellán de Convento; Pazos (country houses) and big houses in Goi, Cellán de Convento and La Pumarega. The parish of Tórdea is also crossed by the Via Romana XIX, although this route does not match her in any of its sections. In the natural and environmental aspect it is worth highlighting the indigenous forest, with unique trees, centennial oaks and chestnut trees in Goi, Tórdea, Cellá de Convento as well as between El Vilar and Cellán de Calvos, with equal presence of meadows and farms. The route also crosses several tributaries of the Tórdea and travels through places with interesting rock formations, in the Horno de la Vieja between Espasande and the parish of Santa Maria del Monte. Penalada between La Pumarega, Cellán de Convento and El Vilar, all surrounded by legends and popular myths.

SENDERO AGUAS DE FONMIÑA (Trail of Waters of Fonmiñá)

CharacteristicsThis trail (PR-gr 153), part of the network of trails of Terra Chá, covers practically parallel the first 12 kilometres of the river Miño, starting from the area of the Lagoa de Fonmiñá (Lake of Fonmiñá) down to the river beach of the core of Baltar, in A Pastoriza. This is not a circular route, so the return route is similar to the way one (in total 25 km). The journey – of low difficulty enables us to know the characteristic landscapes and wetlands in the Terra Chá, the ecological wealth of natural range of the crystal clear waters of the River Miño from its source, and in places such as the Church of San Salvador de Crecente, Castro de Sa, the "ponte vella " (old bridge) of Miñota and the recreation area of Baltar. The tour, which has an estimated duration 4 hours, within the scope of the Lagoa de Fonmiñá, crosses the small track leading to the village of Fonmiñá and leaves on the left a large flour mill that currently serves as a museum. The trail, well marked, goes along the right bank of the River Miño, under the shade of tall birches, alders and willows, and between wide meadows where it is common to see cows and horses grazing. Throughout its tour of the green lands of Pastoriza, the waters of small rivulets like the Rego de Piñeiro or the Rego de Xixín make the Miño larger, forming a parish of Baltar –endpoint of the route— a recreation area serving as a river beach, picnic area and small pier.